Public Health and Awareness in HIV/AIDS

Public health is the science of defensive and educating the health of people and their communities. Educational and awareness curriculums must be accompanied to improve public knowledge about STD. People affected by sexually transmitted diseases have dramatically increased, millions of people are affected by the disease due to lack of awareness. The public must be aware of the control of STDs on the lives of the affected people and the importance of preventing, screening and treating STDs.


Related Societies:
Deutsche AIDS Gesellschaft Germany | International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) | European Society for Immunodeficiency’s | Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | National AIDS Control Organisation India | HIV/AIDS Alliance | St. Maarten AIDS Foundation | Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations | AIDS Society of India 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are also well-known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or venereal diseases (VD) are contaminations that are circulated starting with one individual then onto the next over sexual contact, commonly caused by microscopic organisms like bacteria, yeast, parasites and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, including Gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, Chlamydia, Genital herpes, HPV. Most STDs influence both men and women, mostly they cause severe health issues for women.

Related Societies:

European AIDS Clinical Society | AIDS Action Europe Berlin Germany | International AIDS Society Switzerland | National Association of people living with HIV/AIDS | European AIDS Clinical 

HIV/AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus that damages the immune system, untreated HIV contaminates and murders CD4 cells, which are immune cells called T cells. As HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is bound to get various of diseases and malignant growths. HIV is transmitted through organic liquids that incorporate blood, semen, vaginal and rectal liquids, and breast milk. The infection doesn't spread in air or water, or through easy-going contact.

Related Societies:
Deutsche AIDS Gesellschaft, German | International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) | European Society for Immunodeficiency’s | Association of Nurses in AIDS Care | National AIDS Control Organisation | India HIV/AIDS Alliance

Clinical Research and Case Reports

STD’s clinical research help scientists find improved ways to prevent, detect, or treat HIV/AIDS and other STD. HIV/AIDS clinical studies under way comprise studies of new medicines to treat HIV, studies of vaccines to prevent HIV. Case report is the complete information about the single patient having the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and follows up of the patient. It is a demographic profile that usually signs, defines an unusual or novel occurrence. 

Related Societies:
St. Maarten AIDS Foundation | Australian Federation of AIDS Organisation | AIDS Society of India | National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR)

Pediatric HIV Treatment and Immunization

Mother to child transmission of HIV is the extent of HIV from a woman with HIV to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. Antibodies that ought to be regulated to individuals amid the youth phase of life are often named a child immunization. These immunizations help in advancement of immunogenic reaction inside the child. There is no treatment and no solution for maladies like measles, polio, and tetanus. The best way to ensure your youngster is through immunization.

Related Societies:
Canadian Public Health Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Vaccines | The American Association of Immunologists (AAI) | European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 

Immunology and Immunotherapy in HIV/AIDS

Adults with immune deficiencies are considerably more disposed to come across the ill impacts of molluscum contagiosum. Around 90% of patients who are HIV-positive have skin bruises, including molluscum contagiosum. The imminence of molluscum contagiosum on the substance of an adult is a better than average marker that they have an HIV ailment or some other immunosuppressive condition. Immunogenetics helps in perception the pathogenesis and overwhelming infections and bacterial maladies under clinical examinations of STDs.

Related Societies:

European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF) | Clinical Immunology Society

HIV/Viral Hepatitis

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis B virus (HBV) are blood born viruses transmitted primarily through sexual contact and injection drug use. Because of these same modes of transmission, people at risk for HIV and HBV infection.

HIV infected individuals are disproportionately suffering from viral hepatitis, and people who are co infected are at increased risk for serious. Viral hepatitis infection is commonly serious in individuals living with HIV and will cause liver damage more rapidly.

 

Related Societies:

European AIDS Clinical Society | AIDS Action Europe Berlin Germany | International AIDS Society Switzerland | National Association of people living with HIV/AIDS | Deutsche AIDS Gesellschaft Germany


 

 

HIV and AIDS Nursing Care Management

People with AIDS and chronic depression constitute a rising population of individuals in need of quality nursing care management. Nursing Care of patients with HIV/AIDS facilities starting from the primary-level health centre to the tertiary-level hospital who add a range of roles to supply care to those with HIV. HIV may cause psychosocial transition, a stress-inducing experience, a developmental experience, and an existential crisis. Nurses with evidence-based knowledge they can deliver safe and effective care to the patients.

Related Societies:
National AIDS Control Organization India | St. Maarten AIDS Foundation | Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations | AIDS Society of India | National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) 

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS

Epidermiology is the study of exploration and distribution of determinants of health and diseased conditions in a defined population. Foremost areas of the epidemiological study include disease outbreak investigation, sickness surveillance, transmission, occupational epidemiology, screening, and comparisons of treatment effects like in clinical trials. They rely on the better understanding of the disease processes, statistics to make efficient use of the data and draw appropriate conclusions. AIDS vaccine would play a powerful role in ensuring the end to the AIDS epidemic.

Related Societies:

International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR) | Canadian Public Health Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Vaccines | The American Association of Immunologists (AAI) | European academy of Tumour Immunology

HIV related Infections and Co-Infections

Many people living with HIV, infections and cancers. HIV, co-infections and cancers are Hepatitis B, hepatitis C, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human papillomavirus (HPV) and herpes, and fungal infections, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, lung cancer, skin cancer, anal cancer, cervical and vaginal cancer in women, and testicular and prostate cancer in men. These growths can be effectively treated on the chance that they happen in individuals with HIV who keep up solid safe frameworks with HIV treatment.

Related Societies:

Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations | AIDS Society of India | National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR)

Cancer & Tumor Immunology related to HIV/AIDS

Cancer immunology is a field of research that entities to discover cancer immunotherapies to treat and retard progression of the disease. Tumor Immunology can stimulate the elimination of tumours, but often immune responses are suppressed by the tumour microenvironment. The Tumour microenvironment is vital part of cancer biology contributes to tumour beginning, tumour development and responses to therapy. HIV people have higher risk of some types of cancer compared with uninfected people.

Related Societies:

Canadian Public Health Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Vaccines | The American Association of Immunologists (AAI) | European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 

HIV with cardiovascular disease and bone damage

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) comprises a group of problems related to the cardio or to blood vessels, CVD coronary heart disease, angina, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure. People with HIV are susceptible to bone loss, and to a condition called osteoporosis that may lead to fractures. In addition, as people with HIV are living longer due to effective antiretroviral therapy, bone complications may degrade as a result of aging and long-term HIV disease.

 

Related Societies:

European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | African American Health institute | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF) 

HIV in Women and Aging

A person who begins highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) can expect to live another 30 to 50 years and well into older age. Some HIV drugs affect kidneys, heart, liver and bones. It is important to know the HIV symptoms that are more common in women than men. Many people haven't any symptoms when they first become infected with HIV. More severe symptoms might not appear for ten years or more. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can cause severe health complications for the baby.

Related Societies:

European AIDS Clinical Society | AIDS Action Europe Berlin Germany | International AIDS Society Switzerland | National Association of people living with HIV/AIDS | European AIDS Clinical UNAIDS | Deutsche AIDS Gesellschaft Germany | International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI) 

OncoImmunology

Tumour immunologists have described that cancer can be conceived as an immunological problema few cells expressing novel antigens proliferate in the uncontrolled fashion, in spite of the immune system’s attempts to eliminate them, they have been standing alone. Most common cancer researchers, clinical oncologists and drug developers have been considering neoplasia as a purely cell-autonomous genetic disease and have been ignoring or even neglecting the impact of immunology on tumorigenesis, for multiple reasons.

Related Societies:
National AIDS Control Organisation India HIV/AIDS Alliance | St. Maarten AIDS Foundation | Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations | AIDS Society of India | National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) 

Stigma, Discrimination and Lived experience of HIV

People living with HIV AIDS have to face negative manipulation, these kind of activity refers to HIV related stigma and discrimination. Stigma and discrimination continue to undermine prevention, treatment and care of people living with the HIV/AIDS and HIV-related stigma affects people’s ability to earn a living, making it even more difficult for them to lift themselves out of poverty. By the proper treatment and support, it is possible to live as long as the average person.

Related Societies:
Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR) | Canadian Public Health Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Vaccines | The American Association of Immunologists (AAI) | European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 

HIV and Retroviral Diseases affects

The human immunodeficiency virus is a lent virus that causes HIV infection and AIDS. HIV diagnosis is done by testing your blood or saliva for antibodies to the virus. Retroviruses induce diseases that do not fit easily into any of the major categories and different tissues can influence the disease that develops. Murine retroviruses are disabled by human complement and are not capable of causing human disease.

Related Societies:

British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | African American Health institute | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF)

Viral Immunology and HIV Transmission

Viruses are firmly immunogenic and actuate two sorts of resistant reactions; humoral and cellular. Transmission is passing a disease or a disease causing pathogen from an infected host individual or a group of infected people to a particular individual or a group of persons whether they are previously infected or not. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has introduced different strategies for reducing the STD risk: vaccination, mutual monogamy, reducing the number of sexual partners and abstinence.

Related Societies:

European AIDS Clinical Society | AIDS Action Europe Berlin Germany | International AIDS Society Switzerland | National Association of People Living With HIV/AIDS | European AIDS Clinical | Deutsche AIDS Gesellschaft Germany | International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections (IUSTI)

Global report on AIDS statistics and Facts

HIV remains to be a foremost global public health concern. Since 2000, 38.1 million people have infected with HIV and 25.3 million people have died of AIDS-related illnesses. In 2014, a predictable 36.9 million people were living with HIV (including 2.6 million children) and 1.2 million people died of AIDS-related illnesses. 25.8 million persons affected with HIV are in sub-Saharan Africa, accounting for 70% of the global.

Related Societies:

National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR) | Canadian Public Health Association | International Society for Vaccines

HIV Diagnosis Antiretroviral Therapy & Health Monitoring

The development of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) for HIV in the 1990s is one of current medicine’s most dramatic success stories. Without treatment, this sickness inevitably advances to a symptomatic, life-threatening immunodeficiency illness known as AIDS, is diagnosed by testing blood or saliva for antibodies against virus. A faster test checks for the presence of HIV antigen, a protein produced by the virus instantaneously after infection. Cure of HIV/AIDS includes mapping and sustaining surveillance of risk behaviours, STIs, and HIV infection.

Related Societies:

European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF) | Clinical Immunology Society

HIV Drug Discovery and Research

The most innovative HIV treatments pursue to inhibit the virus ability to replicate its RNA and yield more copies of itself is HIV protease (an enzyme that cleaves and processes viral precursor proteins letting virion maturation). Treatment containing combinations of reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors, very often known as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), it revolutionized the treatment of people with HIV by markedly reducing viral load and decreasing the incidence of AIDS-associated opportunistic infections.

 

Related Societies:

National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR) | Canadian Public Health Association | International Society for Vaccines 

Social and legal issues about HIV AIDS

The social issues related with HIV and sexually transmitted diseases can be implicit in two ways. Firstly, they might refer to the social determinants of the pandemic and secondly, they relate to the social impact of the pandemic. Ethical questions present some of the most annoying problems associated with HIV infection and sexually transmitted diseases. Ethics cannot be considered in a vacuum.

 

Related Societies:

European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | African American Health institute | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF)

Vaccines and Vaccinology for HIV

Vaccines are greatest powerful public health tools that contains certain agent that not only resembles a disease triggering microorganism but it also stimulates body’s immune system to recognise the foreign agents. HIV vaccine does not yet exist, but efforts to develop a vaccine against HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, have been under development for many years. Vaccinology describes vaccine development and the way the immune system responses to vaccines, additionally includes current analysis of immunization programs.

Related Societies:
National AIDS Commission | HIV Medicine Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Infectious Diseases | Centres for AIDS Research (CFAR) | Canadian Public Health Association | American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association (ASTDA) | International Society for Vaccines | The American Association of Immunologists (AAI)

Infectious Disease and HIV AIDS

Infectious disease is caused by a microorganism, such as a protozoan, bacterium, or virus, that is not generally found in the body and is capable of causing infection. Some, but not all, infectious diseases are contagious, that means they can spread from person to person. Other infectious diseases can spread from insects or animals to humans, but not from person to person. HIV is both contagious and infectious.

Related Societies:
European academy of Tumour Immunology | Australasian Society for Immunology | British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology | European Society for Clinical Virology | Hellenic Society of Virology | African American Health institute | Japanese Society for Immunology | Immune Deficiency Foundation (IDF) | Clinical Immunology Society